Due: Friday, April 20, 2018
This laboratory exercise is straightforward. It is designed to get you comfortable with running virtual machines using a hypervisor called VirtualBox. We will use these in future labs. It also introduces you to a powerful network probing too, nmap(1).
You are to work in teams for this laboratory. Form a team of 2–3 people, and work together to carry out the lab. When you turn in your results, be sure to list the team members.
When attackers target a system, one of the first things they do is see what services the system makes available over the Internet. Once the attackers learn the services the system provides, they attempt to exploit vulnerabilities in the services to gain access to the system and the information on it.
The goal of this exercise is to carry out such an analysis (called a port scan) so you can see how attackers do it, and how you can hinder it.
All the virtual machines and/or resources are available via the web at http://nob.cs.ucdavis.edu/ecs153/lab1.
You will also need a virtual machine, VirtualBox. You can download it from https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads. Also, get the VirtualBox Extension Pack. Install both VirtualBox and the extension pack.
You will need the virtual machine nmap1 (nmap1.ova). This is a big file (about 2.86 gigabytes), so it’s best not to do this on a slow link.
Once you download it and start it, you can log in with the user name Ubuntu (it is the one that comes up) and the password ubuntu (note the initial “u” is in lower case). Now you?re ready to begin!
The first exercise is to use nmap to see what services the virtual machine nmap1 is providing. The IP address of this system is 127.0.0.1, or you can refer to it by name as “localhost”.
Use the command:
What to turn in: Turn in a “.zip” or “.tgz” file of the output of your command, and the contents of the file nmap1-submit-me in your home directory. Call the file “part1.zip” or “part1.tgz”.
You can also use nmap to see what servers are running on other systems, too — which is exactly what attackers do. Never do this to another system without the permission of the system manager; otherwise you can, and usually will, be mistaken for someone who is trying to break into the system.
You will need to get another virtual machine, nmap2 (nmap2.ova). Like nmap1.ova, this is a big file (about 3.15 gigabytes), so it’s best not to do this on a slow link. Once you download it and start it, you can log in with the user name Ubuntu and the password ubuntu (the same as for nmap1).
Now, you are to determine what servers are running on nmap2 from your login on nmap1. To do this, you need to get the IP address of nmap2. Log on to the nmap2 virtual machine (same account name and password as for nmap1) and open up the command prompt. Type the command
The next step is to use nmap to see what services the virtual machine nmap2 is providing. Take the same commands you used in part 1, replace the IP address or name (127.0.0.1 or “localhost”) with the IP address you just found (call it ip-address).
What servers are running on the ports numbered 1 to 1024 inclusive?
Next, see if nmap got the list correct. Log into nmap2 and run the same commands as you did in Part 1. Are the lists the same as what you got for part 2?
What to turn in: Label your lists as from nmap1 and nmap2. Turn in a “.zip” or “.tgz” file of both lists and the contents of the file nmap2-submit-me in your home directory. Call the file “part2.zip” or “part2.tgz”.
Now that you have the IP address of nmap2, we’re going to use nmap to determine what operating system is running on nmap2.
First, log back into nmap1.
Use the command:
Now log onto nmap2 and see if it got the operating system correct. Type the command
What to turn in: Turn in the output from nmap. Call the file “part3.txt” or “part3.pdf”.
ECS 153, Computer Security
Version of April 9, 2018 at 12:14AM
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