Reading:text, §5 Assignment due: Homework #2, due February 11, 2014
Integrity policy requirements
Theme: military model does not provide enough controls for commercial fraud, etc. because it does not cover the right aspects of integrity
Data items: “Constrained Data Items” (CDI) to which the model applies, “Unconstrained Data Items” (UDIs) to which no integrity checks are applied, “Integrity Verification Procedures” (IVP) that verify conformance to the integrity specification when IVP is run, “Transaction Procedures” (TP) takes system from one well-formed state to another
Clark-Wilson Certification and Enforcement Rules
[C1.] All IVPs must ensure that all CDIs are in a valid state when the IVP is run.
[C2.] All TPs must be certified to be valid, and each TP is associated with a set of CDIs it is authorized to manipulate.
[E1.] The system must maintain these lists and must ensure only those TPs manipulate those CDIs.
[E2.] The system must maintain a list of User IDs, TP, and CDIs that that TP can manipulate on behalf of that user, and must ensure only those executions are performed.
[C3.] The list of relations in E2 must be certified to meet the separation of duty requirement.
[E3.] The system must authenticate the identity of each user attempting to execute a TP.
[C4.] All TPs must be certified to write to an append-only CDI (the log) all information necessary to reconstruct the operation.
[C5.] Any TP taking a UDI as an input must be certified to perform only valid transformations, else no transformations, for any possible value of the UDI. The transformation should take the input from a UDI to a CDI, or the UDI is rejected (typically, for edits as the keyboard is a UDI).
[E4.] Only the agent permitted to certify entities may change the list of such entities associated with a TP. An agent that can certify an entity may not have any execute rights with respect to that entity.
Chinese Wall Policy
Low-level entities are objects; all objects concerning the same corporation form a CD (company dataset); CDs whose corporations are in competition are grouped into COIs (Conflict of Interest classes)
Intuitive goal: keep one subject from reading different CDs in the same COI, or reading one CD and writing to another in same COI
Simple Security Property: Read access granted if the object:
is in the same CD as an object already accessed by the subject; or
is in a CD in an entirely different COI.
Once a subject has accessed an object, only other objects in that CD are available within that COI;
Subject has access to at most 1 dataset in each COI class
Exceptions: sanitized information
*-Property: Write access is permitted only if:
Read access is permitted by the simple security property; and
No object in a different CD in that COI can be read, unless it contains sanitized information
Key result: information can only flow within a CD or from sanitized information